Armenian Legends 

Similar to the myths, Armenian legends also play a significant role in the formation of cultural identity and a sense of place.[13][5] There are various ways in which Armenian legends are recorded: some are presented in epic novels while others are stored in the oral traditions of Armenians and documented by historians and ethnographers.[3]


Among the legends that historians and ethnographers shared in their works, there are ones dedicated to geographical objects like mountains, rivers, canyons, and lakes, as they refer to specific geographical locations.[3]


Since the characters in some of these legends are natural monuments or the stories take place in a specific geographical place on the territory of former or modern Armenia, the connection between these legends and the land is apparent.


To study the legends and see the connection, explore the following story map. 

To explore the map using a phone or to view it in a new tab, click here.

Connection Between Legends and People

In the legends above, every non-human character possesses human traits and interacts with others in the way people do in their daily life. This nuance of the Armenian legends helps Armenian people to relate to these tales, establishing a strong connection between them.

For example, the legend about Arev and Arevamayr and the one about mountain-sisters reflect the importance of family ties in Armenian society. It shows that family members should support and take care of each other; they should not fight or be jealous. Likewise, the legend about the Black and Red mountains as well as the tale about the beautiful girl in Mtnadzor, demonstrate the wrongness of kidnapping and violence towards women but at the same time let the readers understand that the issue exists. 

It is vividly visible that the characters of the legends have human feelings, interactions, and reactions. Since the readers learn about the circumstances that could take place in their lives, they appeal to the storyline. In addition, they can thus extract some valuable knowledge from the tales and reflect on their own experiences.